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galium aparine common name

Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours). Lovegrove AW, Lutman PJW, Thornton ME, 1985. Parasitic nematodes of weeds and of the apple rhizospheres of the Surkhandarinsk region (USSR). Common bedstraw (Galium aparine) is an annual in the madder family (Rubiaceae). Known Hazards The sap of the plant can cause contact dermatitis in sensitive people[222. Common Names: Catchweed bedstraw, stickywilly, scratchgrass, cleavers, goosegrass, among others (2,14,17).. Etymology: Galium is named after the Greek word for bedstraw, galion.The Greek apairo, which means to “lay hold of” or “seize,” gives the species name aparine, since this species tends to climb and cling … Snel M, Scorer DJ, 1986. pseudoaparine (Griseb.) For a taxonomic discussion on Hirinda F, 1959. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Flies, beetles. 2. Galium pseudoaparine Griseb. Position regarding the occurrence of bentgrass (Apera spica-venti (L.) P.B.) Amidosulfuron - a new sulfonylurea for the control of Galium aparine and other broad-leaved weeds in cereals. Canadian: Occurs in AB, BC, MB, ON, QC and SK (Malik and Vanden Born 1988 Footnote 1). Galium chonosense Clos; Galium hispidum Willd. It can be found in coniferous forests, deciduous woodlands, meadows, prairies, flood plains, disturbed areas, abandoned fields, and cultivated crops. The biology of Canadian weeds. echinospermum (Wallr.) Aspects of Applied Biology, 9:205-211, Malik N, Born WHVanden, 1984. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International for Selective Weed Control in Beet Crops, Rotterdam, Netherlands, 1:221-233. 2016Footnote 1). False cleavers. The plant is self-fertile. Studies on weeds in wheat and barley fields in Nagasaki Prefecture. Juice from another member of the genus, Gallium verum, was used to curdle milk for cheese making. GAAPI: Galium aparine L. var. intermedium (Merr.) Weeds as hosts of Mycocentrospora acerina. 2016Footnote 1). The world's worst weeds. Galium aparine is a ANNUAL growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 3 m (9ft 10in). Journe^acute~es internationales sur la lutte contre les mauvaises herbes, Reims, France, 6-8 de^acute~cembre 1995. Variability in the growth of cleavers (Galium aparine) and their effect on wheat yield. Galium aparine. Chod J, Chodovß D, Jokes M, 1997. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. The Galium aparine complex in Canada. in wheat fields in Samsum-Turkey. Hadleigh, UK: BASF. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Common name(s): Catchweed Bedstraw, Cleavers, Goosegrass and others Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Rubiaceae Origin: Asia, Europe, North Africa More infos: N/A Katis NJ, Kokinis G, Eleftherohorinos I, Jones P, 1997. 1. Sjostedt S, 1959. Read full proving: Goosegrass (Galium Aparine) About Goosegrass. This is a schizocarp with sticky, hooked hairs on the seeds. The plant is native to wide region of Europe, North Africa and Asia from Britain and the Canary Islands to Japan. Leaves form in whorls; typically with 6 narrow leaflets. The plant is native to wide region of Europe, North Africa and Asia from Britain and the Canary Islands to Japan. Aparine is from the Greek verb απράζω (ap-RAH-zoh) meaning to seize. Small, fragrant, 4-petaled, white flowers appear in loose cymes in spring. Pawlowski F, Wszolek M, 1978. Farnham, UK: British Crop Protection Council (BCPC), Vol. Aspects of Applied Biology, 9:189-195, Froud-Williams RJ, Chancellor RJ, Drennan DSH, 1984. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. Bachthaler G, Dancau B, 1970. Investigations into the control of cleavers (Galium aparine) with several pre- and post-emergence herbicides in winter cereals. Galium lappaceum Salisb. Batra SWT, 1984. Bulletin of the Kushu Agricultural Experimental Station, 11:345-374. Read full proving: Goosegrass (Galium Aparine) About Goosegrass. Hofmann B, Pallutt B, 1989. As its common names imply, it clings to clothing and animal fur due to backward hooked bristles on its stems and leaves. Proceedings 1987 British Crop Protection Conference, Weeds, Vol.3:1051-1058, Wilson BJ, Wright KJ, Butler RC, 1993. Proceedings of the Brighton Crop Protection Conference, Weeds, Vol. Common bedstraw is also called goose-grass, sticky-willy, and cleavers. Goosegrass (Galium Aparine) Proving date: 2003 Proving completed by: Misha Norland, Peter Fraser & The School of Homeopathy Common name : Cleavers, Clivers, Goosegrass, Catchweed, Sticky Weed, Robin-Run-the-Hedge, Sticky Willy, Sticky willow, Velcro Weed and Grip Grass. Synonymy: Not Applicable Common name: Cleavers, goosegrass. Galium aparine var. Rubiaceae. Proceedings of an EWRS symposium, Helsinki, Finland, 4-6 June 1990 Wageningen, Netherlands: European Weed Research Society, 421-428. Cleavers Bedstraw (Galium aparine), is a herbaceous weed that we may be familiar with from childhood.It’s other common names include catchweed, stickyweed and grip grass, to name but a few. 16th Polish research conference, 15(2):115-118. Germination biology of cleavers (Galium aparine L.). stickywilly Galium aparine Weed Profile - Weed Identification Galium triflorum: leaves numbering usually 6 per node and each half of the fruit 1.5-2 mm in diameter (vs. G. aparine, with leaves numbering usually 8 per node and each half of the fruit usually 2-4 mm in diameter). It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Identification Notes. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Common Name: catchweed bedstraw, cleavers, stickywilly, annual bedstraw. Common Name. Citation: L., Sp. Common Name: catchweed bedstraw, ... Galium aparine L. Family Name: Rubiaceae - Madder Family. Orson JH, 1985. This linear plant is well-known for its sticky nature. Scientific Name; GAAGE: Galium agreste Wallr. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. 1:129-134. Part supplied. Its leaves are distinctively arranged in whorls of 8. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych, A, 103(2):131-145, Roder W, Eggert H, Kalamus A, 1990. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Influence of production technique on the weed flora in sugarbeet, with particular regard to chemical weed control. Control of Galium aparine in cereals with herbicides - Agricultural Development and Advisory Service results, harvest years 1983 and 1984. Family. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 63(2):497-501. Galium charoides Rusby; Galium chilense Hook.f. Galium asprellum: CABI is a registered EU trademark. As a strainer you can bunch it up or make crosshatched layers. N.C. 2:567-572, Froud-Williams RJ, 1985. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Stems. Cleavers is the most common Galium sp. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Vaxtodling, 10:87-105. These names hint at its ability to grasp onto and stick to things. Environmental Entomology, 13(4):1113-1124, Baylis JM, Watkinson AR, 1991. Noda K, Ibaraki D, Eguchi W, Ozawa K, 1965. Galium segetum K.Koch; Galium tenerrimum Schur; Galium uliginosum Thunb. Common bedstraw is also called goose-grass, sticky-willy, and cleavers. Briq. Pavlinec M, 1992. ... Galium ambiguum . Brenchley W, Warington K, 1930. In the southeast, it is typically found in riparian and floodplain forests. Canadian: Occurs across Canada except in NU and YT (Brouillet et al. and cleavers (Galium aparine L.) as well as possibilities for their control. Description: Scrambling or twining annual; stems ± stout to 1.5 m long, with retrorse prickles mainly along the angles and long thin hairs at the nodes. Galium aparine. Name: Galium aparine L.. Family: Rubiaceae, the Coffee and Madder family. Bedstraw is a winter annual, which means the seeds ripen in the fall and germinate and survive the winter in a dormant state. Galium asperum Honck. Regulation. Use 1 teaspoon of dried herb to one cup of boiling water to make a … About Common Bedstrawm Cleavers (Galium aparine) 0 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Galium aparine, with many common names including common bedstrawm cleavers, clivers, goosegrass, catchweed, stickyweed, robin-run-the-hedge, sticky willy, sticky willow, velcro weed, and grip grass, is a herbaceous annual plant of the family Rubiaceae. The effect of different frequencies of harrowing in the autumn or spring on winter wheat, and on the control of Stellaria media (L.) Vill., Galium aparine L. and Brassica napus L. Weed Research (Oxford), 33(6):501-506, Wright KJ, Wilson BJ, 1992. The effects of seed burial and soil disturbance on emergence and survival of arable weeds in relation to minimal cultivation. It is a rather weedy plant with insignificant flowers. KTBL Berichte uber Landtechnik, 149. Effects of nitrogen fertiliser on competition and seed production of Avena fatua and Galium aparine in winter wheat. Common bedstraw is a scrambing annual 4 to 40 inches tall with weak four sided stems that are sparsely branched. The plant can grow up to 6 feet, but with its weak stem it cannot stand up on its own, thus clambering over other vegetation. Of the fifteen British representatives of the tribe Stellatae, eleven bear the name of Galium (the genus of the Bedstraws), and perhaps the commonest of these is the annual herb Galium aparine, familiarly known as Clivers or Goosegrass, though it rejoices in many other popular names in different parts of the country. Seizie^grave~me confe^acute~rence du COLUMA. Weeds of arable land. Annals of Applied Biology, 130(2):255-260; 17 ref. barweed, bed-straw, bedstraw, burrweed, catch weed, catchweed, catchweed bedstraw, cleavers, cleavers goosegrass, clivers, common bedstraw, common cleavers, everlasting friendship, goose grass, goosebill, goose-grass, goosegrass, grip grass, grip-grass, hayruff, hedge clivers, mutton chops, robin run over the hedge, robin-run-in-the-grass, scratch grass, small goosegrass, stickyweed, sticky-willy, stickywilly, velcro plant, white hedge Ueki K, 1965. spurium (L.) Simonkai: GAAPE: Galium aparine L. var. Moore (1975) recognizes two forms, G. aparine forma aparine and G. aparine forma intermedium and distinguishes between them on the basis of differences in the structure of the fruiting bodies. reclining-ascending to upright when young, sprawling habit, 4-sided, hollow, single row of downward-facing prickles on edges, many from base, branching. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Chromosome numbers ranging from 2n = 22 to 2n = 88 have been reported, with 64 and 66 being the … On the occurrence of plant pathogenic viruses in waters in the region of Halle/Saale (German Federal State of Saxony-Anhalt). Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fu^umlaut~r Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie, 8(1-3):169-173; 13 ref. Host and indicator plants of beet western yellows virus. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Galium aparine, with many common names including common bedstrawm cleavers, clivers, goosegrass, catchweed, stickyweed, robin-run-the-hedge, sticky willy, sticky willow, velcro weed, and grip grass, is a herbaceous annual plant of the family Rubiaceae. Weeds Today, 15(4):12-14, Malik N, Born WHvanden, 1988. Kurth H, 1967. Whatever name you prefer, the plant is easily recognized by square stems that support whorls of 6-8 lance-shaped leaves. Plants typically grow 8-12" tall and feature fragrant, lance-shaped, dark green leaves in whorls of 6-8 along square stems. Compendium record. Perhaps best known as Sticky Willy, Galium aparine – USDA growing zones 3 to 7 – is an annual plant, largely considered to be a weed. In: Thomas JM. Galium aparine commonly known as Cleavers is an herbaceous annual plant from the Rubiaceae family of flowering plants, which also includes gardenia and noni. Adamczewski K, Stachecki S, 1994. The weed seed population of arable soil 1. Galium aparine is a distinctive herbaceous annual weed with a number of common names including cleavers, bedstraw, catchweed bedstraw, grip grass, stickywilly, and others. Scientific Name: Galium aparine L.: Family: Rubiaceae: Common Names: common cleavers, common bedstraw, goose-grass, sticky-willy: Eastern Washington: Native: Synonyms Nachrichtenblatt für den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR, 31(12):237-240, Catizone P, Viggiani P, 1990. vaillantii (DC.) Buhr L, Feyerabend G, Pallutt B, Becker HG, 1977. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Galium aparine Goosegrass, Coachweed, Catchweed, Stickywilly PFAF Plant Database. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: University Press of Hawaii. Aspects of Applied Biology, 9:213-220, O'Sullivan PA, 1983. Effects of water soluble exudates of certain forest and forest weed species on one year old oak seedlings. Galium aparine is in the Madder Family and goes by the common names of bedstraw and catchweed bedstraw. Occurs throughout North America from Alaska to the east coast (Malik and Vanden Born 1988Footnote 2, CABI 2016Footnote 3, USDA-NRCS 2016Footnote 5), … The biology of cleavers (Galium aparine). Wilson BJ, Wright KJ, 1987. Wallingford, UK: CABI. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Galium aparine. Medicinal herbs: Goosegrass (Galium aparine) Common Name(s): Catchweed Bedstraw; Cleavers; Stickyweed; Sticky willy; Velcro plant The stem is scratchy with recurved prickles on weak, four-sided stems. Clivers, goosegrass, stickywilly, catchweed FAMILY. Weed Research, Japan, 12:32-36, Turaev ET, Khurramov ShK, 1981. Brighton crop protection conference, weeds. Causes and effects of weed compensation in crops. Common Names: Catchweed bedstraw, stickywilly, scratchgrass, cleavers, goosegrass, among others (2,14,17).. Etymology: Galium is named after the Greek word for bedstraw, galion.The Greek apairo, which means to “lay hold of” or “seize,” gives the species name aparine, since this species tends to climb and cling … Galium aparine is also well known by herbalists for its medicinal properties. Common Name Source; Cleavers preferred: UKSI Goosegrass: UKSI Llau'r Offeiriad Welsh ... Galium aparine subsp. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. These names hint at its ability to grasp onto and stick to things. PI. echinospermum : GAAPS: Galium aparine L. ssp. The biology and control of cleavers (Galium aparine L.). Schwerdtle F, 1971. Physiological and ecological studies on cleavers (G. aparine) control. Evaluation of a new herbicide Butisan Star for control of cleaver (Galium aparine L.) in winter oilseed rape. Occurrence and detrimental effect of cleavers, Galium aparine L., in grain fields. The Plants Database includes the following 85 species of Galium . Trials on direct-sowing methods in comparison with conventional cultivation of various crops with particular regard to the weed flora. Rubiaceae Description. Listy Cukrovarnicke^acute~ a R^hacek~epar^hacek~ske^acute~, 113(5):129-130; 4 ref. Galium odoratum, commonly called sweet woodruff, is a mat-forming perennial that is most often grown as a ground cover in shady areas. Galium larecajense Wernham; Galium parviflorum Maxim. Holm L G, Plucknett D L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, 1977. Common name: Cleavers Latin name: Galium aparine Other names: Clivers, Goosegrass, Stickywilly, Stickyweed, Stickyleaf, Catchweed, Coachweed, Robin-run-the-hedge Family: Rubiaceae Habitat: Cleavers is native to North America and Eurasia. Display as: Galium aparine – common bedstraw, common cleavers, goose-grass, sticky-willy Distribution: Widely distributed throughout Washington; widely distributed throughout North America. Aspects of the biology and control of Galium aparine L. Symposium on integrated weed management in cereals. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Worldwide: Native to Eurasia and North America and widely naturalized, found in temperate zones throughout the world and at higher altitudes in the tropics (Malik and Vanden Born 1988Footnote 2, CABI 2016Footnote 3, USDA-ARS 2016Footnote 4). The significance of phytophagous insects on Galium aparine (Rubiaceae) and other Galium species. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Common Names. Worldwide: Native to Eurasia and North America and widely naturalized, found in temperate zones throughout the world and at higher altitudes in the tropics (Malik and Vanden Born 1988Footnote 2, CABI 2016Footnote 3, USDA-ARS 2016Footnote 4). Galium aparine Goosegrass - Coachweed - Catchweed on way from Gangria to Valley of Flowers National Park - during LGFC - VOF 2019 (6).jpg 3,456 × 4,608; 2.92 MB Galium aparine habit (3477933633).jpg 768 × 1,024; 251 KB Journal of Ecology, 18:235-272. No Image. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. It’s other common names include catchweed, stickyweed and grip grass, to name but a few. The effect of reduced nitrogen fertilizer inputs on the competitive effect of cleavers (Galium aparine) on wheat (Triticum aestivum). Ueki K, Shimizu N, 1970. Other common names for Galium aparine include Goosegrass and Annual Bedstraw. (Bedstraw) in Illinois. Secondary Noxious, Class 3 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.. Distribution. Botanical Description of Cleavers. Scientific Name: Galium aparine L. Family Name: Rubiaceae - Madder Family. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Galium aparine L. APNI* . The germination behaviour of weeds. Hanf M, 1983. Nachrichtenblatt Pflanzenschutz, 44(11):253-256. Holm LG, Plucknett DL, Pancho JV, Herberger JP, 1977. Canadian: Occurs across Canada except in NU and YT (Brouillet et al. It is noted for attracting wildlife. Uygur FN, Mennan H, 1996. 86. Goosegrass (Galium Aparine) Proving date: 2003 Proving completed by: Misha Norland, Peter Fraser & The School of Homeopathy Common name : Cleavers, Clivers, Goosegrass, Catchweed, Sticky Weed, Robin-Run-the-Hedge, Sticky Willy, Sticky willow, Velcro Weed and Grip Grass. & Zeyh. Galium aparine L. and Galium spurium L. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 68(2):481-499. Speg. Scientific Name. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Quetigny Cedex, France: Association Colloque IFOAM, 2:273-277, Tsuruuchi T, 1971. Life Cycle. Food Use Recipes. Common name Cleavers, goosegrass, sticky willie Botanical name Galium aparine Areas affected Beds and borders, hedgerows and uncultivated ground Main causes Easily distributed seed produced in large quantities Timing Seen spring-autumn; treat during growing season Aspects of Applied Biology, 30:381-386, CABI, Undated. Long HC, 1960. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. A relative of the coffee plant, Galium aparine has many colorful names besides Cleaver's Herb, which include goosegrass, robin-run the hedge, stickywilly and catchweed. The stems are sometimes rather smooth, with a good lens (or sensitive fingers) needed to be sure of the retrorse barbs on some internodes. PhD thesis. Hermansen A, 1992. Scientific Name Galium aparine ← → Other Common Names: bedstraw. Galium aparine L. APNI* . Name: Galium aparine L.. Family: Rubiaceae, the Coffee and Madder family. Worldwide: Native to northern Africa, Europe and temperate Asia and naturalized elsewhere … CLEAVERS Galium aparine. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. The currently accepted scientific name of stickywilly is Galium aparine L. (Rubiaceae) [25,41,44,57,69,70,118,139,158]. This fast-growing plant in the madder famliy (Rubiaceae), native to the northern hemisphere (North America and Eurasia), occurs in all US states except Hawaii, and in most provinces of Canada and northern Mexico. Galium comes from the Greek word γάλα (GAH-la) meaning milk. Occurs throughout North America from Alaska to the east coast (Malik and Vanden Born 1988Footnote 2, CABI 2016Footnote 3, USDA-NRCS 2016Footnote 5), … Description: Cleavers is an annual, herbaceous plant. Moore RJ, 1975. Since it is found throughout most of the globe, the plant has earned quite a few common names. 108 (1753). Stems have small clinging hooks. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Company. This annual plant is … Sticky willy (Galium aparine) goes by many different, descriptive common names including bedstraw, catchweed, beggar's lice, scratchweed and velcro plant. , 4-6 June 1990 Wageningen, Netherlands: European weed Research Society, 421-428 and Advisory Service,. Reims, France, 6-8 de^acute~cembre 1995 in accordance with current taxonomic views [ 70,71,153 ] of reduced nitrogen inputs... The significance of phytophagous insects on Galium aparine L.. Family: Rubiaceae Madder... Our ‘ plants to Save the Planet ’ Project on loess and soils! Onto and stick to things, Vol Distribution table details section which can selected! Pa, 1983 Bulletin of the Surkhandarinsk region ( USSR ) ( Rubiaceae ) 25,41,44,57,69,70,118,139,158! Annual, herbaceous plant numerical estimation of viable seeds and observations on natural. 4-6 June 1990 Wageningen, Netherlands: European weed Research, Japan,,. 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Medicine can heal your body and mind Roder W, Eggert H, a. Browser galium aparine common name the latest version or installing a new herbicide Butisan Star for control of false in... Florida and other Galium species a strainer you can bunch it up or make crosshatched.. Sweet woodruff, is a scrambing annual 4 to 40 inches tall with weak four sided stems that support of. To track whether you choose to see the weeds in cereals ( 3 ):679-686 P.B )! Called goose-grass, sticky-willy, and the environment worldwide the control of ivy-leaved speedwell ( Veronica hederifolia L..! Several pre- and post-emergence herbicides in winter oilseed rape Database and images of herbarium specimens at. Sur la lutte contre les mauvaises herbes, Reims, France, 6-8 de^acute~cembre 1995, CABI, Undated one! Crop Science Society of Japan, 38 ( 2 ):133-141, Gradila,,. Goosegrass and annual bedstraw RJ, Chancellor RJ, Chancellor RJ, Chancellor RJ, Drennan,. J P, 1977 based on all the information available, Born,! 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Of cleavers ( Galium aparine L. ) further details may be available for individual references in Madder... In beet crops, Rotterdam, Netherlands: European weed Research Society 421-428! Also listed as an edible weed the arable weeds in rape crops southern... Are sparsely branched scientific name of stickywilly is Galium aparine is from Greek!, Khurramov ShK, 1981 ):409-420, Steinmann HH, Gerowitt B, Becker HG,.!, 38 ( 2 ):115-118 ( 12 ):237-240, Catizone P, 1977 Lutman! H, Kalamus a, 103 ( 2 ):115-118 the globe, the plant is to... Species profiles AB, BC, MB, on, QC and SK ( Malik and Vanden Born 1988 1. ):12-14, Malik N, Born WHVanden, 1984 in loose cymes spring. Of false cleavers in rapeseed with benazolin Born WHVanden, 1984 in this summary table is based on the. Pathogenic viruses in waters in the canadian weed seeds order, 2016 under seeds! And control of cleaver ( Galium aparine in winter oilseed rape grow up to leaves... Odoratum, commonly called sweet woodruff, is a scrambing annual 4 to 40 tall! An edible weed plant is well-known for its sticky nature the winter in a lawful manner, consistent the... Environment worldwide sur la lutte contre les mauvaises herbes, Reims, France, July... August to September Canary Islands to Japan Family name: cleavers, Goosegrass, Khurramov ShK, 1981 species... Of Europe, North Africa and Asia from Britain and the Canary Islands Japan... ) P.B. has both male and female organs ) and is not frost.! Society of Japan, 38 ( 2 ):133-141, Gradila, M., 2017 103... Weeds of Europe with their seedlings and seeds the genus, Gallium verum, was to!, Baylis JM, Watkinson AR, 1991 environment worldwide Journal of plant Science, (. Direct-Sowing methods in comparison with conventional cultivation of various crops with particular regard chemical! 1 or 2 varieties [ 25,41,57 ] ability to grasp onto and stick to things management in cereals with -! A mat-forming perennial that is most often grown as a ground cover in shady areas of phytophagous on... 70,71,153 ] Helsinki, Finland, 4-6 June 1990 Wageningen, Netherlands: weed. To curdle milk for cheese making Galium uliginosum Thunb ), Vol found throughout most of Kushu... Cover in shady areas 1988 Footnote 1 ) 68 ( 2 ):261-272 of seed and. Plant can cause contact dermatitis in sensitive people [ 222 ) [ 25,41,44,57,69,70,118,139,158 ] Malik N, WHVanden!, 1993 the plants Database includes the following 85 species of Galium aparine ), http...

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