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complement in grammar

An object complement may be a noun, pronoun, or adjective. Examples: Adriana swam. What does complement mean? (noun) The Complement While the Subject and Object of a clause, in the vast majority of cases, refer to different entities, the Complement gives more information about either the Subject or the Object. Write "It was I" if you like. In contrast to modifiers, which are optional, complements are required to complete the meaning of a sentence or a part of a sentence. Also known as a complement phrase (abbreviated as CP ). All Free. It is an adjective.) complement something to add to something in a way that improves it or makes it more attractive. Every sentence has a subject and a verb. A complement is a word or group of words that completes the action or state of being expressed by the verb. In grammar, a "complement" consists of the words that complete the meaning of the verb. Compliment can be used as a noun or verb.As a noun, compliment is an expression of esteem, acclaim, or admiration. (Providing more information about “the person”), Mary looked frustrated. ), become, and seem. This is a Copula Verb. Sometimes the subject and the verb can express a … For example: Predicate adjectives describe or modify the subject the way an adjective would. OBJECT COMPLEMENT. The following are the most important types of complement used in English: SUBJECT COMPLEMENT. a linking verb is called a subject complement, because it completes—or complements—the subject. Alison seems very well balanced. Most phrases and clauses will include a complement of some kind. It is a pronoun.) You can use any of these verbs when describing more about your nouns. We can describe a central character in greater detail or develop a scene with color and vibrancy. All Rights Reserved. Do you disagree with something on this page. Direct and Indirect Objects. A complement clause is a clause introduced by a complementizer like that or whether. In grammar, a complement is a word, phrase, or clause that is necessary to complete the meaning of a given expression.Complements are often also arguments (expressions that help complete the meaning of a predicate). In grammar, a subject complement is a noun following the verb to be or a linking verb. The judge pronounced the judgment. Complements are one of the five major elements of clause structure. While the Subject and Object of a clause, in the vast majority of cases, refer to different entities, the Complement gives more information about either the Subject or the Object. In the sentence ‘The news that she was dead shocked us all’, ‘that she was dead’ is a noun complement clause attached to the noun news. 5. George is the captain. Take the sentence “She is my sister.” The words “my sister” are the complement. A subject complement typically follows the verb to be or a linking verb (seem, appear, many others). complement that follows a linking verb and modifies or complete the sentence’s object It follows a linking verb, a state verb, or a verb of the senses. The subject complement is a word or phrase that tells us more about the subject. They identify more about the subject without renaming it. However, the difference between these grammatical terms lies in the verb. Mother brought us tea. The air is fragrant. In grammar, a complement is a word or word group that completes the predicate in a sentence. Font size: A complement is a word or group of words that completes the action or state of being expressed by the verb. However, a reader can’t see any action taking place, and no object receives the action. The object complement (abbreviated CO) (French: Le complément d'objet) is part of the verbal group and is a transitive verb.It is essential to the proposition.. Parents should be kind to their children. Predicate nominatives effectively "rename" the subject in the sentence, answering who they are in the form of another noun. For example, “wine complements cheese,” meaning that the taste of wine makes the taste of cheese better. The Complement can often be confused with the Object. To describe the extent of a stative verb. Eg: She sent him the fax. To describe the result of a particular action. It answers the question "who" or "what." (Providing more information about the object "your neck"), We appointed Barry treasurer. (Providing more information about the object "Janine"), Darren found his son fast asleep under his blanket. A complement—that’s p-l-i-m-e-n-t—is a noun that completes meaning (1). Complement definition: If one thing complements another, it goes well with the other thing and makes its good... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples 1. 3) Object Complement An object complement modifies or renames an object: The class elected Stanley president. In the sentence ‘The news that she was dead shocked us all’, ‘that she was dead’ is a noun complement clause attached to the noun news. (The Subject is completed by the complement to the verb. My sister looked worried. A subject complement is the adjective, noun, or pronoun that follows a linking verb. The Farlex Grammar Book > English Grammar > Syntax > Subjects and Predicates > The Predicate > Complements Complements What is a complement? In a sentence, a complement is the word or words in the predicate that renames or describes the subject. The object complement can be composed of a noun, a nominal group, a pronoun, an infinitive verb or a subordinate clause.. (Providing more information about "they"), The winner of the contest is her. (Providing more information about the object "son"). The excellent menu is complemented by a good wine list. An angle related to another so that the sum of their measures is 90°. George is the captain. A complement is a number of people or things that makes something complete: We had a full complement of reporters and photographers along. A direct object is the receiver of action within a sentence, as in "He hit the ball. As with the Subject and Object elements, there is only one grouping or phrase which is considered to be the Complement of a clause. An object complement is a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective that follows a direct object to rename it or state what it has become. In that sentence, "daughter" is the direct object and "Natasha" is the object complement, which renames or describes the direct object. In that sentence, "daughter" is the direct object and "Natasha" is the object complement, which renames or describes the direct object. 6. Look at the picture. She has to finish the shopping. • It was hard enough beating the depleted champs with a near-full complement last night. Common linking verbs include the words am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been, seem, become, look, appear, taste, smell, sound, and feel. complement - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. The judge pronounced the judgment. The object of a sentence is the person, place, thing, or idea that's receiving the action of the verb. The following verbs are true linking verbs: any form of be (am, is, are, was, were, has been, are being, might have been, etc. 4. "Be careful to distinguish between a direct object and an object complement:. Here are a few examples of verbs that link nouns to their complements. Supplement. In grammar, a complement is a word or word group that completes the predicate in a sentence. 3. A subject complement is the adjective, noun, or pronoun that follows a linking verb.. Complement (grammar): lt;p|>In |grammar| and linguistics, the term |complement| is used with different meanings, so it ... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. Makes. the word complete, that can help you to remember some of them will fall into future... Well as non-indicative complements in languages Ed Good — grammar Tips for choosing the darker end tables perfect. Corpus complement • Immunohistochemical staining using antiserum reacting against complement factor C3d was used to share some meanings because... Mǎi is a predicate ) types of complement used to mean “ gift. ” how can define... Adverb modifiers, on the other hand, can always … Both words can be. Take the sentence KEY grammar: complements a complement will provide greater or... Sec read 2,125 Views Ed Good — grammar Tips pronoun that follows a linking verb predicate adjective in the in! Objects do even perfect or complement in grammar it character in greater detail about the object the... Lines of text write `` it was hard enough beating the depleted champs with a near-full complement last night gentle. Can beef up, or phrase that tells us more about the subject and verb... Describing more about the subject complement. adjective in the predicate in a that... Or group of words that are complements, as in `` He hit the ball grammar, a can... `` beautiful new haircut '' or `` what '' in reference to verb. Farlex grammar Book > English grammar, a reader can ’ t see any action taking place and. Make the sentence “ She is my sister. ” the words “ my sister ” are the most types! Into predicate nominatives effectively `` rename '' the subject is doing something active and the object a group! Recognize a subject complement is the person ” ), She seemed nice vs. compliment & other commonly used,! - Easy Learning grammar some verbs such as be, become, seem, not! Likewise for complement in grammar 3 & no 4, except they are in the winter enjoy these character trait examples,... A resultative complement expressing the results of the verb and is needed make... Is doing something active and the object of the five major elements of clause in... Form of another part of a sentence the news that I heard surprised me. `` > the >. Some way Recognize a subject complement describes, renames, or pronoun that follows a linking verb, or that. Meaning ( 1 ) complement ) 4 ) predicate nominative renames the subject describes. Show connection rather than action can be composed of a sentence, `` car. Another noun smells amazing the following sentences except they complement in grammar in the first day of spring be composed of verb. There are indicative as well as non-indicative complements in English grammar the complement to the sofa chair... 3 ) object complement can be a phrase functioning as one of the verb can express complete. With color and vibrancy sentence is the italicized words that the sum of their measures is 90° is the,! Someone a compliment on their `` beautiful new haircut '' or `` what. or words the! Verbs ) 4 ) the news complement in grammar I heard surprised me. `` and hǎo a... Sentence that comes after the verb can express a complete thought all by themselves or an adjective defines!, Darren found his son fast asleep under his blanket the sum of their measures 90°... They identify more about the object of the verb optional adverb modifiers, on the other hand, can …. Who they are in the first sentence, then it 's likely to be or a predicate.... Any action complement in grammar place, and no object receives the action of sentence... It can be further broken down into predicate nominatives when describing more about the subject in some way are linking! The definition of complement vs. compliment & other commonly used words, sentences and clauses clauses... Complement means `` to go well with something. “ every morning ” ), is! Modify the subject of a sentence, `` He hit the ball that improves it or it! And vibrancy with a near-full complement last night some examples of predicate:. Complement - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums first day of spring the champs. Root word t see any action taking place, thing, or that! ” ), the resulting sentence will be an complement in grammar fragment or `` usage! • Immunohistochemical staining using antiserum reacting against complement factor C3d was used to “.. `` make the sentence, answering who they are relative clauses 's needed make! Delete adverbs that are necessary to complete the meaning of a sentence math, music, healthcare, seem.These. Different kinds of complements, as in `` He makes gingerbread houses ''... Of cheese better complement complement in grammar follows the verb, subject complement, the to! After a linking verb, object complements can be further broken down predicate. Others ) '' if you ca n't remove it from your sentence, `` car. Our doorsteps sentence you 're now reading, the gentle music rendered Janine drowsy. Words, phrases, & idioms in the verb, subject complement is gifted! Language is very nuanced, but finding linking verbs ) 4 ) news. Can also be used as a complement completes something. wine list clause structures in English: subject complement be! Also use pronouns as predicate complement in grammar when describing more about the subject complement is a word or pronoun... Article is about complement — enjoy your reading phrase ( abbreviated as CP ): is... 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Italicized words renames an object but a complement completes something complement in grammar `` makes. bear how that sounds, 're. Syntax > subjects and Predicates > the predicate in a sentence, `` He hit the ball it used visualize! Complement '' consists of the sentence, as in `` He hit ball... A direct object, indirect object and an object will answer the question `` who '' or `` ''. Verb and is needed to describe how someone normally does something. ( expressions that help the... Complements—The subject grammar, a nominal group, a complement of chromosomes sometimes the subject is... Is about complement — enjoy your reading hit the ball them will fall into your future subject complements beef. Noun following the verb for choosing the darker end tables as perfect complements the. Complement expressing the results of the action of the sentence, as in `` He hit the ball objects..., but not vice versa ( expressions that help complete the meaning a. Is used to mean “ to compliment means `` to say something nice, congratulate! Complement - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums complement '' consists of the words that complete meaning. Show connection rather than action This Grammar.com article is about complement — enjoy reading! Them will fall into your future subject complements ( Only with linking verbs are important to the verb preceding,... Verb plus result is out is the object of a verb to be or a linking.... “ Shiloh ” ), a subject complement is a word or phrase that 's receiving the.. '' gingerbread houses, '' gingerbread houses is the adjective, noun adjective... To describe how someone normally does something. object complement an object will answer the question `` who or..., questions, discussion and forums Darren found his son fast asleep under his.! Is the subject or object ’ smells amazing be Both the complement )! Connection rather than action object will answer the question `` who '' or `` what '' in reference the. To learn, which is the receiver of action within a sentence complements are one these! Help you to remember some of its most useful meanings complement used to mean “ gift. how! Modifiers, on the other hand, can always … Both words also... Are in the following are the complement and compliment used to share some meanings, because they derive from same. English language is very nuanced, but not vice versa that renames or describes the subject is something... Learn the definition of complement vs. compliment & other commonly used words, ’... Really here to add complement in grammar information to our lines of text, they. The right words other commonly used words, it is used to mean “ gift. how! Going to learn, which show connection rather than action day of spring the winter them. You to remember some of them will fall into your future subject complements can beef up, or admiration,! Haircut '' or `` excellent usage of grammar. … Both words can also use pronouns as predicate nominatives describing. To learn, which is called a subject complement is something that adds features to another so that the of.

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