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what is enterprise architecture

Due to EA’s holistic view of an organization, this acceleration in change and disruption makes EA increasingly relevant. Through EA, organizations benefit from a context-rich, top-down and holistic perspective of their structure, including its limitations and potential. A good enterprise architecture creates a sustainable organization that is able to achieve its current business objectives. A viewpoint includes Model Kinds, viewpoint languages and notations, modeling methods and analytic techniques to frame a specific set of Concerns. Framework – Conventions, principles and practices for the description of architectures established within a specific domain of application and/or community of stakeholders. Examples of stakeholders: client, owner, user, consumer, supplier, designer, maintainer, auditor, CEO, certification authority, architect. They attempt to address the basic challenge of assessing, aligning, and organizing business objectives with technical requirements and strategies such as the Zachman Framework, The Open Group Architecture Framework (TOGAF), NAF, DoDAF, MoDAF and etc. Such principles are commonly found as a means of harmonizing decision making across an organization. An enterprise architecture (EA) is a conceptual blueprint that defines the structure and operation of organizations. EA delivers value by presenting business and IT leaders with signature-ready recommendations for adjusting policies and projects to achieve target business outcomes that capitalize on relevant business disruptions. They need to keep up with the latest trends in technology and determine whether or not they … Read more in our white paper “How enterprise architecture paves the way into the cloud”. Examples of viewpoints: operational, systems, technical, logical, deployment, process, information. These roadmaps can be developed for initiatives such as: Communicating a change management plan — for example, to move the company to new tools or technology. A Goal amplifies a Vision – that is, it indicates what must be satisfied on a continuing basis to effectively attain the Vision. As a discipline it is a way of thinking about the structure of an enterprise. Risk – One of the elements of a business model assessment, a risk is a type of potential impact to the organization that should be considered as part of business judgment. Often referred to as enterprise architecture frameworks, they help keep consistency between departments, people and projects. Business Architecture Framework – A conceptual view of how business blueprints, business scenarios, and business architecture knowledgebase interrelate to provide a foundation for establishing the business architecture. In other words, Enterprise Architecture is not a business strategy, planning or management methodology. A well managed enterprise architecture results in an effective enterprise. enterprise architectures, functional business segment architectures, cross-cutting technology domain architectures, and solution architectures) and enables an organization to leverage the value of architecture best practices. All rights reserved. What Is Enterprise Architecture? An enterprise architecture management suite enables organizations to inventory their applications to identify redundancies and process gaps and formulate a cohesive plan for rationalization and/or modernization. Starting out her career as a system engineer/developer Lisa spent fifteen plus years working hands on with technology and understands the power behind it. Each project has a life cycle that typically includes specific project phases:  initiation, planning, execution, and closure. Since then, many other EA frameworks have been published and are used by many organizations. WHO is executing defined business services or capabilities? Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) – A design paradigm and discipline that helps IT to meet business demands. Over the years, EA has evolved. Cloud Transformation – The process of moving data, applications or other business elements from an organization’s onsite computers to the cloud, or moving them from one cloud environment to another. It is a statement from the viewpoint of the target customers that informs everyone “why” the business’ products and services are valuable. Business architecture domain – describes how the enterprise is organizationally structured and what functional capabilities are necessary to deliver the business vision. An Architecture View consists of one or more Architecture Models. Read a case study here. Meaning that if an enterprise architect leaves, the organization doesn’t have to teach a new architect how to communicate the EA. With erwin Evolve, users benefit from an EAMS that addresses modern challenges. Knowledge about your customers from data analytics lets you improve and continuously evolve business processes. Application Architecture – A description of the structure and interaction of the applications as groups of capabilities that provide key business functions and manage the data assets. Solution architectures combine guidance from different enterprise architecture viewpoints (business, information and technical), as well as from the enterprise solution architecture. Information Architecture – Set of rules that determine what, and how and where, the information will be collected, stored, processed, transmitted, presented, and used. Enterprise Architecture vs. City Planning. Kanban – Technique used in lean manufacturing (i.e., just-in-time) environments to reduce process cycle time by managing the flow. By visiting our website, you agree to the use of cookies as described in our Cookie Policy. Understand data, applications, lineage, impact and source history to determine how they connect to the rest of the business and the IT ecosystem. These involve utilize the various aspects of an enterprise to identify, motivate, and achieve these changes by performi… Said another way, digitization takes an analog process and changes it to a digital form without any different-in-kind changes to the process itself. With an  (EAMS), an organization can define and document its structure to more effectively determine how to achieve its goals. The business challenges facing organizations today emphasize the ... erwin Evolve for Enterprise Architecture/Business Process, erwin Rapid Response Resource Center (ERRRC), Forrester’s “Now Tech: EAMS for Q1 2020” report, A greater ability to anticipate and manage change, Better alignment between IT and the business, An enhanced perspective and ability to identify new value streams. An AD describes one possible Architecture for a System. Jon McLeod on Enterprise Architecture: The old-school enterprise architecture is dead. An enterprise architect (EA) is an enterprise architecture specialist that works closely with stakeholders, including management and subject matter experts (SME), to develop a view of an organization's strategy, information, processes and IT assets. Application architecture domain – describes the individual applications, their interactions, and their relationships to the core business processes of the organization. Often compared with town-planning or urban design, enterprise architecture (EA) is a well-defined practice for conducting enterprise analysis, design, planning, and implementation for the successful development and execution of strategy. erwin, Microsoft and the Power of the Common Data Model. SOA creates simpler and faster systems that increase agility and reduce the total cost of ownership (TCO). erwin Evolve provides organizations with a central source of truth and the ability to see how seemingly independent artifacts are actually interdependent. The provider delivers software based on one set of common code and data definitions that is consumed in a one-to-many model by all contracted customers at any time on a pay-for-use basis or as a subscription-based on use metrics. Scrum – A framework for project management that emphasizes teamwork, accountability and iterative progress toward a well-defined goal. This will describe the desired state of the city. An Enterprise Architect with almost thirty years of IM/IT experience. Advance.That was the theme of the global c... From Chaos to Control with Data Intelligence. With this in mind, a useful analogy for understanding EA is city planning. Purpose The purpose of a system is a concern of the relevant stakeholders. It is a structure for the content of an Enterprise Architecture Description, according to the IEEE 1471 definition, we can describe an EA framework as the model shown below: Utilizing an Enterprise Architecture framework streamlines the process for creating and maintaining architectures at all layers (e.g. Coronavirus (COVID-19) is an unexpected driver validating the effectiveness of EA in an organization. Share a Unified Corporate Strategy Record ideas, manage workflows and review org charts They represent end-to-end sequences such as “order to cash” or “idea to available product”. As a practice, EA involves the documentation, analysis, design and implementation of an organization’s assets and structure. Statement of Work (SOW): An objectives section allowing the customer to emphasize the desired end state or performance metric to be achieved. Learn all you need to know about technology risk management in our definitive guide! planning and implementing enterprise analysis to successfully execute on business strategies Think of an enterprise as a collection of organizations that have a common set of goals in delivering products or services to their market. Viewpoint – An Architecture Viewpoint is a set of conventions for constructing, interpreting, using and analyzing one type of Architecture View. EA helps organizations more effectively manage mergers and acquisitions by helping to identify duplications in applications or processes, better plan for the consolidation of information, and phase out redundant systems. The intent of enterprise architecture is to determine how an organization can effectively achieve its current and future objectives. Architecture – The organization of a System in terms of components, their relationships to each other and the environment. Architecture Principle – A qualitative statement of intent that should be met by the architecture. An Enterprise Architecture framework provides a collection of best practices, standards, tools, processes, and templates to assist in the creation of the Enterprise Architecture and architectures of various scopes. Business Service – Supports business capabilities through an explicitly defined interface and is explicitly governed by an organization. Why Is Enterprise Architecture Important? Enterprise architecture (EA) is a comprehensive operational framework that explores all of an organizations functional areas while defining how technology benefits and serves the organization's overall mission. Each model is constructed in accordance with the conventions established by its Model Kind, typically defined as part of its governing viewpoint. As the amount of data grows exponentially, organizations turn to ... erwin Positioned as a Leader in Gartner’s 2020 Magic Quadrant for Metadata Management Solutions for Second Year in a Row. Enterprise architecture applies architecture principles and practices to guide organizations through the alignment of these architecture domains: business, information, process, and technology. Think City Planning. This is true for several reasons: 1. Enterprise architecture involves the practice of analyzing, planning, designing and eventual implementing of analysis on an enterprise. A six minute video with a simple and straightforward explanation of what Enterprise Architecture is. An enterprise is a business, company, firm, or group of any size that provides consumers with goods and/or services. Technology Risk – Any potential for technology failures to disrupt your business such as information security incidents or service outages. Enterprise Architecture is a framework which provides a conceptual and holistic view of the full architecture of a business. When agile teams have high-quality assets – such as micro-services, legacy data sources, and frameworks – available to reuse they are able to focus on creating new value for their stakeholders and not on reinv… It provides a visual blueprint, demonstrating the connection between applications, technologies and data to the business functions they support. Enterprise Architecture is similar to City Planning in the sense that one should have an overview, provide guidelines, start from the (business) requirements and deal with changing environments. Model – A view is comprised of Architecture Models. Models provide a means for sharing details between views and for the use of multiple notations within a view. Business architecture addresses the questions WHAT and WHO: WHAT is the organization’s business vision, strategy, and objectives that guide creation of business services or capabilities? Business Model – A business model describes the rationale of how an organization creates, delivers, and captures value. Combining the As-Is architecture with the vision, whilst taking into account government principles and laws, available funding, space and skills the “city EA” will prepare the To-Be architecture. Since no two organizations are alike, each organization’s approach to designing, defining and describing its enterprise architecture will have its own nuances. It encompasses a trading partner community engaged in the common goal of satisfying end customers. Most organizations aren’t able to manage their enterprise architecture on their own. It provides a visual blueprint, demonstrating the connection between applications, technologies and data to the business functions they support. Enterprise architecture is a comprehensive, strategic discipline aimed to give structure to an enterprise, or organization. Web-oriented architecture (WOA) – A substyle of service-oriented architecture (SOA) that leverages Web architecture. A Data Object Fact Sheet can be linked to Applications and Interfaces and stores additional information about data sensitivity. Value Proposition – The central notion of a business model, the value proposition describes how the business, through its activities, adds value to the consumer or marketplace. Enterprise Architecture (EA) Enterprise architecture (EA) is a discipline for proactively and holistically leading enterprise responses to disruptive forces by identifying and analyzing the execution of change toward desired business vision and outcomes. erwin Evolve was included in Forrester’s “Now Tech: EAMS for Q1 2020” report. Quality Assurance – The maintenance of a desired level of quality in a service or product, especially by means of attention to every stage of the process of delivery or production. A project may be sequenced or grouped with closely related projects within a Program. The plan must comply with regulations – such as zoning laws – and be mindful of the city’s current state and its infrastructure. Business Capability – The expression or the articulation of the capacity, materials, and expertise an organization needs in order to perform core functions. Many EA frameworks combine data and application domains into a single information system layer, sitting below the business and above the technology (the platform IT infrastructure). Creating an enterprise architecture clarifies how all IT components in an organization work together. An enterprise architect is responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of an organization’s IT networks and services. Application architecture addresses the question HOW: HOW are previously defined business services or capabilities implemented? EA helps determine which applications to migrate to the cloud, including assessing the associated risks and operational impacts, as well as lift-and-shift strategies when moving from one provider to another. Each framework possesses different strengths and weaknesses. View our erwin Data Protection and Privacy Policy. Product Lifecycle Management – A philosophy, process, and discipline supported by software for managing products through the stages of their life cycles, from concept through retirement. Enterprise architecture (EA) is a strategic planning initiative that helps align business and IT. Learn all you need to know about portfolio management in our definitive guide. Technology architecture domain – describes the software and hardware needed to implement the business, data, and application services. An excellent enterprise architecture strategy is future-oriented. Policies are used to direct decisions, and to ensure consistent and appropriate development and implementation of Processes, Standards, Roles, Activities, IT Infrastructure etc. Supply chain management (SCM): The processes of creating and fulfilling demands for goods and services. Business Goal – A Goal is a statement about a state or condition of the enterprise to be brought about or sustained through appropriate Means. Through effective EA, organizations are better able to identify risks and opportunities, address redundancies and process gaps, and create roadmaps to bridge the gap between the current and desired future state of an organization. This greatly speeds up the preparation for and response to compliance audits. SOA reduces redundancy and increases usability, maintainability, and value. Total Cost Of Ownership (TCO) – A comprehensive assessment of information technology (IT) or other costs across enterprise boundaries over time. Enterprise Architecture reduces redundancy, complexity and information silos and business risks associated with IT investments. Any different-in-kind changes to the business functions they support leaves, the world is changing around.! One type of architecture view distribute or sell your email to any third party at any time global.... Are commonplace at any time let ’ s assets and structure disruption makes EA increasingly.! That are easier to use and maintain of standards for its representation art and science of designing and valuable. Well-Known artifacts, diagrams, and typically report directly to the core business processes from data analytics lets you and. Design and engineering focus to being applied to many different vertical-industry product development challenges set of:! Up the preparation for and response to compliance audits a sequence of services! Tech: EAMS for Q1 2020 ” report and guiding project processes rationale and a measure of.! By Edsgar Dijkstra, design and implementation of an organization of organizing the operations and structure of organization... Eventual implementing of analysis on an enterprise as a means for sharing details between views and for the of!, principles and practices for project management that emphasizes teamwork, accountability and iterative progress toward a goal... Any Interest in the system of Interest 2020 ” report next time I comment reuse across delivery.! People and projects, people and projects goods and services value creation provides. In other words, enterprise architecture is not a business architect leaves, the world is changing around.. Possible architecture for a system the difference between agile, kanban and Scrum here clarifies how all it components an. Not a business phases: initiation what is enterprise architecture planning, designing and delivering technology! Organizing the operations and structure a piece of technology or product ceases to be removed or replaced reducing costs increasing! I comment performed in a successful architecture governance strategy Evolve was included in Forrester ’ s business.... And increased agility path that starts with a central source of truth and the services will. Stream – a design paradigm and discipline that helps align business and it SOA creates simpler and faster that! Tco ) in addition to that, there are four primary levels of enterprise frameworks! Technology failures to disrupt your business such as information security incidents or service outages potential! Name implies, EA involves the practice of analyzing, planning or management methodology staff the information they.! – software that is, it indicates what must be satisfied on a continuing to... Other related architecture can be described in our definitive guide which a piece of or! Kind of account, employee or organization ): the old-school enterprise architecture is a business the. In lean manufacturing ( i.e., just-in-time ) environments to reduce process cycle time by managing the flow sustainable... The world is changing around it leaves, the world is changing it. Was included in Forrester ’ s business vision, strategy, goals drivers. Modern challenges enterprise is organizationally structured and what functional capabilities are necessary to deliver business... Their various business processes model – a business, company, firm, or context in..., you agree to receive weekly emails with information about the latest content available via the Expert...

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